If police are to carry out their responsibilities according to established policies, the policies must reflect community values and not lead to practices that result in disparate impacts on various segments of the community.
Policies also need to be clearly articulated to the community and implemented transparently so police retain credibility with residents. The most important policies of law enforcement organizations are those controlling use of force. Not only should there be policies for deadly and nondeadly uses of force but a clearly stated “sanctity of life” philosophy must also be in the forefront of every officer’s mind. This way of thinking should be accompanied by ongoing training in an atmosphere of nonjudgmental and safe sharing of views with fellow officers about how they behave in use of force situations. Expanded research and data collection are also necessary to knowing what works and what does not work, which policing practices are effective and which ones have unintended consequences.
|2.1||Law enforcement agencies should collaborate with community members to develop policies and strategies in communities and neighborhoods disproportionately affected by crime. They should deploy resources that aim to reduce crime by improving relationships, greater community engagement and cooperation.||
|2.2||Law enforcement agencies should have comprehensive policies on the use of force that include training, investigations, prosecutions, data collection and information sharing. These policies must be clear, concise and openly available for public inspection.|
Law enforcement agencies are encouraged to implement nonpunitive peer reviews of critical incidents separate from criminal and administrative investigations.
|2.4||Law enforcement agencies are encouraged to adopt identification procedures that implement scientifically supported practices that eliminate or minimize presenter bias or influence.|
|2.5||All federal, state, local and tribal law enforcement agencies should report and make available to the public census data regarding the composition of their departments, including race, gender, age and other relevant demographic data.|
|2.6||Law enforcement agencies should be encouraged to collect, maintain and analyze demographic data on all detentions (stops, frisks, searches, summons and arrests). This data should be disaggregated by school and non-school contacts.|
|2.7||Law enforcement agencies should create policies and procedures for policing mass demonstrations that employ a continuum of managed tactical resources that are designed to minimize the appearance of a military operation and avoid using provocative tactics and equipment that undermine civilian trust.|
|2.8||Some form of civilian oversight of law enforcement is important in order to strengthen trust with the community. Every community should define the appropriate form and structure of civilian oversight to meet the needs of that community.|
|2.9||Law enforcement agencies and municipalities should refrain from practices requiring officers to issue a predetermined number of tickets, citations, arrests, or summonses, or to initiate investigative contacts with citizens for reasons not directly related to improving public safety, such as generating revenue.|
|2.10||Law enforcement officers should be required to seek consent before a search and explain that a person has the right to refuse consent when there is no warrant or probable cause. Furthermore, officers should ideally obtain written acknowledgement that they have sought consent to a search in these circumstances.|
|2.11||Law enforcement agencies should adopt policies requiring officers to identify themselves by their full name, rank and command (as applicable) and provide that information in writing to individuals they have stopped. In addition, policies should require officers to state the reason for the stop and the reason for the search if one is conducted.|
|2.12||Law enforcement agencies should establish search and seizure procedures related to LGBTQ populations and adopt as policy the recommendation from the President’s Advisory Council on HIV/AIDS (PACHA) to cease using the possession of condoms as the sole evidence of vice.|
|2.13||Law enforcement agencies should adopt and enforce policies prohibiting profiling and discrimination based on race, ethnicity, national origin, religion, age, gender, gender identity/expression, sexual orientation, immigration status, disability, housing status, occupation or language fluency.|
|2.14||The U.S. Department of Justice, through the Office of Community Oriented Policing Services and Office of Justice Programs, should provide technical assistance and incentive funding to jurisdictions with small police agencies that take steps towards shared services, regional training and consolidation.|
|2.15||The U.S. Department of Justice, through the Office of Community Oriented Policing Services, should partner with the International Association of Directors of Law Enforcement Standards and Training (IADLEST) to expand its National Register of Decertified Officers with the goal of covering all agencies within the United States and its territories.|
Examples of ways Plymouth demonstrates Policy and Oversight
The PPD has policies outlining nonlethal force, internal affairs investigations, records administration, news media information and release of data.
Every officer has received an initial 8-hour training in Critical Incident Training and the PPD currently employs 14 officers that have been certified as CIT officers after completing the full 40-hour course. The PPD continues to send officers to the full 40-hour course.
The PPD has policies outlining critical incidents and officer involved shootings.
The PPD uses sequential lineups when identifying possible suspects that are administered by an uninvolved party.
The PPD will release public information regarding officers when requested in accordance with the Minnesota Government Data Practices Act.
The PPD compiles weekly incident and arrest reports.
The PPD has policies outlining uniform traffic enforcement guidelines and conducting traffic stops.
The PPD follows Minnesota state law 169.985, which prohibits cities from ordering, mandating, requiring or suggesting to a peace officer a quota for the issuance of traffic citations.
The PPD utilizes consent to search forms when seeking consent before a search.
Each officer is provided a business card with their contact information on it and is encouraged to provide them during public encounters or when requested.
The Plymouth City Council is continually kept apprised of Police Department activities and retains oversight of the department’s strategic direction.